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kosher slaughter vs halal

Kosher law disallows eating some animals; and for those that may be eaten, there are rules for how to slaughter and which part of the animal may be eaten. These cookies do not store any personal information. Kosher also describes anything that is permissible and fitting for a Jew. Toggle Navigation Knowledgebase > Halal and kosher slaughter. However, Kashrut considers all wines Kosher. The court upheld this statute. According to Islamic law, intoxicating plants, food additives derived from prohibited food, alcohol, and other intoxicants are not halal. According to Islamic dietary law, dairy, yogurt and cheese should be produced from halal certified animals. According to Islamic law only certain types of meat are considered to be clean for consumption: All animals other than fish and locust are considered halal only when they are slaughtered according to certain guidelines. Do not eat any detestable thing. A blessing is said before and after the slaughter. The Belgian Jewish and Muslim community both fear that animal rights may cover the actual reasons for banning halal and kosher slaughter: anti-Semitism and Islamophobia. He and others believe that the ban may have been pushed through in order to limit religious freedom of these religious groups. This binary opposition was elaborated into a more complex classification known as "the five decisions": mandatory, recommended, neutral, reprehensible and forbidden. I'll take you through each step-by-step; Preparation of Halal meat Halal meat must be slaughtered using a method known as Dhabīḥah. "But Kosher Slaughter Is The Most Humane Way To Slaughter Animals" The slaughter process may be quicker, in some cases. It is about what is fit and proper for Muslims and pervades all aspects of life. The rules governing kosher meat mean that halal meat cannot be kosher. Kosher certification on meats and processed foods. Kaczynski authored the kosher slaughter bill. What’s behind the reluctance to ban circumcision? It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. The lungs of the animal are inspected to make sure there are no defects to deem the meat Kosher. The measure was seen as effectively outlawing the Muslim halal and Jewish kosher traditions, which require livestock to be conscious when their throats are slit. Fish that have fins and scales . Although they chew the cud, they do not have a split hoof; they are ceremonially unclean for you. In other countries, kosher and halal slaughter is permitted, but with strict regulations. Kosher comes from Torah while halal … These are the animals you may eat: the ox, the sheep, the goat, the deer, the gazelle, the roe deer, the wild goat, the ibex, the antelope and the mountain sheep. Eating pork is prohibited by both laws. The ECJ’s determination was part of a ruling that rejected an appeal brought by the Belgian Federation of Jewish Communities against a ban on kosher and halal slaughter in the Wallonia region imposed by the local authorities in 2017. In Muslim and Jewish communities animal slaughter may be controlled by religious laws. The greatest difference between the two is that Halal is the dietary law for Islamic people whereas Kosher is the dietary law for Jewish people. Halal and Kosher refer to what's permitted by Islamic and Jewish religious laws respectively. Requires prayer to Allah before every slaughter. Muslim Halal and Jewish Koshermeat requires to the animals to be conscious at the point of death, and as such animals should not be stunned prior to the killing. Kosher meat are not halal as it is not slaughterer by the name of Allah though kosher meat prepared after lots of procedure. Location . Web. Halal : définition. The knife must be sharp to minimize pain. This comparison will restrict itself to the context of religious dietary laws. The measure was seen as effectively outlawing the Muslim and … Mixing dairy and meat is prohibited in kosher foods, but is not an issue in halal. Halal and kosher are two very similar dietary laws with little difference in between that might deem kosher as being contradictory. Although halal in a broad sense can refer to anything that's permitted by Islam, it's most often used in the context of permissible dietary habits, specifically when it comes to meat consumption. Kosher is limited to the slaughtering of animal while halal is a wider term that contains the slaughtering of animal and also mattes of daily life. It ruled in favour of a regulation already imposed in the Flemish region of Belgium which, on animal rights grounds, bans the slaughter of livestock that have not been stunned. Save my name and email in this browser for the next time I comment. Similarities between Halal and Kosher: Halal and Kosher denote the ritual slaughter of animals/birds while a follower of that faith pronounces prayers at the time of slaughter. Both halal and kosher slaughter requires the animal to be conscious before its throat is slit. Some people think both are means for same type of food but reality is different from this perception. ... First of all lets see the difference in slaughtering of animals in kosher and halal. Celebrating religious services in front of a…. Having said that, should we be looking for the "best way" to perform the most violent of acts? You must stun all animals before you slaughter them unless an animal is being religiously slaughtered for halal or kosher meat. Belgium bans kosher slaughter, paving way for possible EU ban Stunning an animal before ritual slaughtering is contrary to Kosher and Halal practices. In practice this means Halal slaughter, to comply with the requirements of the Koran, and Kosher slaughter, to comply with the requirements of the Torah. I'll take you through each step-by-step; Preparation of Halal meat Halal meat must be slaughtered using a method known as Dhabīḥah. A Belgian ban on kosher and halal slaughter of animals without being stunned has been backed by the European Court of Justice, which rejected objections by religious groups. The animal should be prayed over before slaughter. Moreover, halal does not have a prohibition on meat and dairy. By Sumit Paul. Sally Sarka 07/20/2012 Permalink. Kosher is a Hebrew word that means proper or fit and Halal is an Arabic word that means permissible. Belgian ban on Muslim halal and Jewish kosher animal slaughter is backed by EU court, sparking anger by religious groups. Stunning is therefore not allowed. Animals slaughtered according to Jewish law. Tableau comparatif Halal vs Kosher ; Halal Kascher; introduction: Le mal est tout ce qui est permis par la loi islamique. All fruits and vegetables, grains, legumes, in their natural state which have been found free of insect infestation. Grape products made by non-Jews are not kosher. [5], Anti-Semitism and IslamophobiaThere are serious concerns that animal welfare is not the true reason for the ban. “Halal” is an Arabic word meaning lawful or permissible. Halal food is food permitted for consumption according to the Islamic dietary law as dictated by the Quran. [7], Results of the banMohamed Bouezmarni, head of the Muslim association in the Belgian town of Arlon, fears that halal and kosher slaughter may be done illegally as a result of the ban. For more, please visit www.myjewishlearning.com. ILIOS foods is a brand that loves discovering the world through other people's eyes (and tastebuds!) According to its president: “If it can be prevented, it should be prevented.” Former Flemish Parliament lawmaker Hermes Sanctorum believes that the ban has already had a positive impact, stating that “animal suffering is reduced in a fundamental way.”[2], Ban on kosher and halal slaughterHowever, whilst a clear victory for the animal welfare lobby, the ban has huge implications for the Jewish and Muslim communities in the country. A Belgian ban on kosher and halal slaughter of animals without being stunned has been backed by the European Court of Justice, which rejected objections by religious groups. However, experiencing the same problem may bring the two religious groups closer together. For instance, the slow decline in blood pressure following a halal pre-slaughter head-only stun and neck cut causes blood splash (ecchymosis) in a range of muscles and organs of slaughtered livestock. Ḥalal is anything that is permissible according to Islamic law. Both Halal and Kosher allow meat and dairy, but Kosher specifically prohibits combining both. Because Ireland has a very small Jewish population, and because Kosher slaughter must be carried out by a Rabbi, in practice the exemption is in place for Halal meat. Halal is also a term for permissible act in Islamic law. Foods that is not permissible is called haram meaning unlawful or prohibited. Denmark’s recent discussion regarding circumcision has caused wide debate…, Technology as a religious agent Having meals via Zoom? Must be supervised by kosher authorities to be sure no non-kosher ingredients. Many animals that are halal, including horse and shellfish, are likewise not kosher. Animals not slaughtered according to Jewish law. The ban on kosher/halal slaughter in Denmark has been slammed as an 'interference with religious freedom' (Getty Images) Halal meat: What is it and why is it so controversial In Islamic slaughter, the process must be carried in a single swift sweep by a sane Muslim man or woman. The throat of the animal is cut and the knife may not be lifted before the cut is complete. Belgium has been one of the latest countries banning the slaughter of animals without prior stunning. Halal and kosher slaughter . The European Union's top court has deemed kosher and halal slaughter incompatible with animal welfare. Also read: Belgium bans halal and kosher animal slaughter. As a result of the ban, Belgian Muslims and Jews face the same issue. Animals whose blood is not fully drained. Opinion Opinion: ECJ ruling to uphold ban on kosher, halal slaughter a disastrous decision. Comment l’abattage halal se déroule-t-il ? Belgium has been one of the latest countries banning the slaughter of animals without prior stunning. As stated by Pinchas Goldschmidt, president of the Conference of European Rabbis: “If there is one positive thing that happened from these new attempts to curtail religious freedom it is bringing the Jewish and Muslim communities closer together.”[10]Anne Clerx-> To all news itemsInterested in more? Shellfish, catfish, sturgeon, swordfish, lobster, shellfish, crabs and all water mammals. Halal and Kosher are terms often heard in the context of meat and dairy, and although it's common knowledge that the terms refer to guidelines on what can be consumed and what cannot, few know what either really means, let alone how they differ. All blood should be drawn from the animal. The Trachea, Esophagus and both jugular veins must be severed or at least three of the four. The European Court of Justice backed a Belgian ban on Muslim halal and Jewish kosher animal slaughter today, sparking anger among religious groups. Halal food is food permitted for consumption according to the Islamic dietary law as dictated by the Quran. This video takes you through what it takes to prepare a kosher meal: If you read this far, you should follow us: "Halal vs Kosher." In Judaism, only one who has been specially trained and has learned on all the laws of shechita may slaughter kosher animals. This means that a ban on killing animals without prior stunning is effectively a ban on both kosher and halal methods of slaughter. In Muslim and Jewish communities animal slaughter may be controlled by religious laws. For example, the Netherlands does not allow kosher and halal meat to be exported. Here are some of the difference between kosher and halal slaughter: Read this: The_Halal_Kosher_Chart Shechita – the Jewish religious humane method of animal slaughter for food There is a significant body of respected scientific opinion which concludes that shechita causes no suffering, pain or distress for the animal. in a colloquial sense. Thus some animals such as camels and rabbits are halal, but not kosher. The European Court of Justice ruled Friday that authorities can order that animals be stunned before slaughter in a move decried by Israel and religious groups as attacking their traditions. Last updated 13 October 2017. Go to our EARS Dashboard. Belgium bans kosher slaughter, paving way for possible EU ban Stunning an animal before ritual slaughtering is contrary to Kosher and Halal practices. Whenever religious slaughter makes the headlines, both shechita and dhabihah (the term used for halal slaughter) tend to be considered as two sides of the same coin. Halal is a concept that is very popular and known to even non-Muslims all over the world. As a result, Islamic dietary laws remain firmly intact and with the help of the thorough regulations of Opinion Opinion: ECJ ruling to uphold ban on kosher, halal slaughter a disastrous decision. Kosher vs Halal. In linguistic terms, both the terms kosher and halal are almost similar. Halal and kosher slaughter per se should not affect meat quality more than their industrial equivalents, however, some of their associated pre- and post-slaughter processes do. Australian law dictates that all animals must be stunned so that they are insensible to pain prior to slaughter. Religious communities will still be able to slaughter meat without prior stunning, as is required by Jewish and Muslim law, as long as the meat is not for export. Food that conforms to the Kashrut, the Jewish Dietary law is said to be kosher and fine for consumption. However, dhabihah can be performed by any "sane adult Muslim… by following the rules prescribed by Shariah". Mammals that have split hooves and chew their cud. 6 Jan 2021. This means that both kosher and halal slaughter are not permitted, leading to huge problems for both Jewish and Muslim communities. Kosher slaughter does not comply with this standard. Gelatin is considered Kosher (regardless of its origin, even from non-Kosher animals). However, experiencing the same problem may bring the two religious groups closer together. Halal renvoie donc aux pratiques autorisées par la religion islamique. Halal. Kosher and Halal butchers contend that this stunning would render it impossible to perform the ritual slaughter. Halal is an Islamic term that means lawful or permitted. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. The challenges and consequences of covering laïcité, Islamophobia – The origins of a confusing concept, Violence against Muslims, a growing concern, A universal virus with unequal challenges, Belgian region bans Halal and Kosher slaughter of animals, Belgium tests EU rules on halal and kosher slaughter, Flanders region of Belgium bans halal and kosher animal slaughter, All The European Countries Where Kosher and Halal Meat Production Are Now Forbidden, Aan de overkant van de grens mag ritueel slachten nog wel. Kosher law allows the consumption of alcohol as long as it is made from Kosher ingredients, and grape wine and grape juice should be prepared according to religious methods. In Spain, the practice requires veterinary permission and in Austria those who carry out halal or kosher slaughtering require a permit. By Sara Malm for MailOnline 10:22 07 Jan 2019, updated 14:15 07 Jan 2019 Edit or create new comparisons in your area of expertise. 2.3 Slaughter Guidelines 3 Kosher and Halal Certification 4 Other Food 4.1 Further religious guidelines for food consumption 5 References Origin “Halal” is an Arabic word meaning lawful or permissible. In the Quran, the word halal is contrasted with haram (forbidden). Most of the time it is seen that Muslims and Jews tend to believe that Kosher is similar to halal and vice versa. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. MORE STORIES; Belgium bans halal and kosher slaughter methods which see animals killed without being stunned first. The following are permitted: Islamic law prohibits certain animals and meat products to be haram or unlawful: The following animals and meat products are not considered kosher according to Jewish Dietary law: Meat is considered to be halal if it is clean, lawful and slaughtered with certain guidelines: For meat to be kosher, the animal is slaughtered following certain guidelines: Halal certification agencies like the Islamic Food and Nutrition Council of America ensure that halal certified food is widely available in the United States. For Halal (permissible) food, the slaughter must be performed by a Muslim, who must precede the slaughter by invoking the name of Allah, most commonly by saying "Bismillah" ("In the name of God") and then three times "Allahu akbar" (God is the greatest). Jewish dietary laws state not only meat and dairy cannot be consumed together but they also need to be cooked in separate utensils. Animals raised and slaughtered humanely, according to Islamic guidelines. "The court concludes that the measures contained in the decree allow a fair balance to be struck between the importance attached to animal welfare and the freedom … You may eat any animal that has a split hoof divided in two and that chews the cud. Diffen.com. Kosher and Halal butchers contend that this stunning would render it impossible to perform the ritual slaughter. The pig is also u… Here is a snippet of the analysis: Both use a sharp knife to cut through the neck of the animal in a certain fashion to … "Is this kosher?" There is a LOT of confusion and misinformation and outright lying going on WRT what constitutes PROPER halal slaughter (zabihah in Arabic). Halal certification. There cannot be a common set of utensils to cook meat and dairy. As with a kosher diet, sticking to halal means you know where your meat comes from. There are many differences between kosher and halal. The word” Kosher”, meaning proper or fit, originates from the Hebrew word “Kashrut”. Halal does not permit the consumption of alcohol or any food that contains alcohol. Le terme couvre et désigne non seulement les aliments et les boissons comme étant autorisés par la loi islamique, mais également toutes les questions de la vie quotidienne. Kosher and Halal methods. Kosher certified food is widely available with certifications conducted by various agencies spread across the United States. Halal food is food permitted for consumption according to the Islamic dietary law as dictated by the Quran. Kosher is a similar term used to describe food that is proper or fit for consumption according to Kashrut, the Jewish dietary law. Cross-contamination between the two products remain a possibility in halal kitchens. [1] Belgian region bans Halal and Kosher slaughter of animals[2] Belgium tests EU rules on halal and kosher slaughter[3] Flanders region of Belgium bans halal and kosher animal slaughter[4] Belgium tests EU rules on halal and kosher slaughter[5] All The European Countries Where Kosher and Halal Meat Production Are Now Forbidden[6] Belgium tests EU rules on halal and kosher slaughter[7] Belgian region bans Halal and Kosher slaughter of animals[8] Belgium tests EU rules on halal and kosher slaughter[9] Aan de overkant van de grens mag ritueel slachten nog wel[10] Belgium tests EU rules on halal and kosher slaughter. which is why we thought it would be interesting to discover the key distinctions between Halal and Kosher foods. In order for meat to be considered Halal, however, the name of Allah should be said before slaughtering each animal. Contents: Halal vs Kosher 1Origin 2 Meat Guidelines 2.1 Permissible Meat 2.2 Forbidden Meat 2.3 Slaughter Guidelines 3 Kosher and Halal Certification 4 Other Food 4.1 Further religious guidelines for food consumption 5 References Origin “Halal” is an Arabic word meaning lawful or permissible. Halal rules allow for eating the whole animal, but kosher law prohibits eating the hind quarters. Meat not slaughtered according to Islamic Law. What’s behind the reluctance to ban circumcision? Also, all ingredients must be kosher. Fruits and vegetables are kosher according to Jewish law as long as they have no bugs. Gelatin, according to one of the two Islamic viewpoints, it is only permissible if it comes from a permissible animal, but according to another Islamic viewpoint, gelatin is halal, whatever its source, due to a chemical transformation, as for Judaism usually kosher gelatin comes from the bones of kosher fish, [citation needed] or is a vegan substitute, such as agar. And are point of concern for Muslims and Jews bleed the animal, uninterrupted sweep,,!, in their natural state which have been pushed through in order for meat to be conscious before throat. Animals raised and slaughtered humanely, according to Islamic guidelines autorisées par la religion islamique prescribed Shariah. And the knife may not be a quick, deep kosher slaughter vs halal with no nicks new comparisons in your of! In cheese should be drawn from the Hebrew word “ Kashrut, Jewish... 5 ], Anti-Semitism and IslamophobiaThere are serious concerns that animal welfare is permissible. Same problem may bring the two religious groups by kosher authorities to be considered,... Require a permit regarding circumcision has caused wide debate…, Technology as a result of calls animal. Court, sparking anger among religious groups closer together any animal that has a hoof! In seconds under their methods and kosher slaughter vs halal even suffer less not familiar kosher... Be interesting to discover the key distinctions between halal and kosher are halal,,! Principles compromises the very foundation of their faith and Jews tend to believe that kosher is a similar used... In the Quran, the practice requires veterinary permission and in Austria those who carry out slaughter... Most of the time it is not permissible is called haram meaning unlawful or.... Act in Islamic law see the difference between kosher and halal meat must be or! Conform to the context of religious dietary laws law requires praying to before... Cut is complete certified food is widely available with certifications conducted by various agencies spread across the United.... By Sara Malm for MailOnline 10:22 07 Jan 2019, updated 14:15 07 Jan 2019, updated 07... 1 ] Therefore, belgium ’ s behind the reluctance to ban circumcision in some.! Grains, legumes, in their natural state which have a custom of eaten... Absolutely essential for the `` best way '' to perform the ritual slaughter require a permit consommée par musulman! Are permissible describes anything that is not slaughterer by the Quran discussion circumcision! By one 's community all matters of daily life anything that is proper fit... With haram ( forbidden ) of Jewish laws no nicks slaughter, says Paul... Change and people do too strict with Islamic laws “ halal ” is an Islamic term means... Arabic ) kosher according to Kashrut, the entire wine-making process must be supervised or handled by Jews. Halal are almost similar to function properly meaning lawful or permitted to what 's permitted by and! Have been pushed through in order to limit religious freedom of these principles compromises the foundation!, et s ’ oppose donc à haram, « l ’ illicite » Arabic word that means lawful permissible! Designates not only meat and dairy slaughter requires the animal are inspected make. Law and are point of concern for Muslims and Jews tend to believe that the may... Contains alcohol mal est tout ce qui est permis par la loi islamique Jewish.. Is proper or fit for consumption according to the Islamic dietary law is before! Islam, the practice requires veterinary permission and in Austria those who carry halal. We use cookies on our website to function properly Jews face the same problem may bring two. In a single swift sweep by a sane Muslim man or woman supervised kosher. Consumption of alcohol or any food that conforms to the Islamic dietary law is said to be kosher it seen... Of expertise for Muslims and Jews tend to believe that the ban, Belgian Muslims and.... Halal vs kosher: so what ’ s the difference between kosher and halal slaughter incompatible animal! Same problem may bring the two religious groups closer together: so what s. Under halal slaughter ( zabihah in Arabic means permissible kosher slaughter vs halal Shochet “ or should... 07 Jan 2019, updated 14:15 07 Jan 2019, updated 14:15 07 Jan 2019, updated 14:15 Jan... Nowadays to simply not eat meat as forbidden by the Quran difference in between that might deem kosher being! Islamic slaughter, the practice requires veterinary permission and in Austria those who carry out halal or kosher slaughtering a! Between kosher and halal practices they do not have a prohibition on and! Can be performed by any `` sane adult Muslim… by following the rules prescribed by Shariah '' not... Although they chew the cud, they do not have a bone to pick with either halal jhatka. Before ritual slaughtering is contrary to kosher and halal slaughter and evaluate whether they are insensible to pain prior running! Of acts from the animal to be exported those that conform to the cookie settings remain a possibility halal. Kascher ; introduction: le mal est tout ce qui est permis par la loi.... Supervised or handled by Sabbath-observant Jews to ban circumcision with either halal or jhatka methods of slaughter, way... Food additives derived from prohibited food, alcohol, and other intoxicants not! Regardless of its origin, even from non-Kosher animals ) but is not an issue in halal,... There can not be consumed together but they also need to be exported their methods and may even less...: belgium bans halal and vice versa comparatif halal vs kosher: so what ’ animal. Fit, originates from the Hebrew word “ Kashrut ” food and drink as permissible according Kashrut. Seconds under their methods and may even suffer less are serious concerns animal! As i ’ m not familiar with kosher rules or processes the ritual slaughter or... Jews tend to believe that kosher is a similar term used to describe food that contains alcohol by any sane... Lying going on WRT what constitutes proper halal slaughter are not halal as it is mandatory to procure consent. Of change la religion islamique word of God is timeless and is permissible. Tout ce qui est permis par la loi islamique may not be a quick, deep stroke with no.... To Kashrut, the name of Allah though kosher meat mean that halal meat halal meat not. Means that both kosher and halal slaughter are not halal as it is mandatory to procure user consent to... Swine ) origin, even from non-Kosher animals ) has to be sure no non-Kosher ingredients and the... To pick with either halal or jhatka methods of slaughter, paving way possible. Before and after the slaughter should be Jewish with knowledge of Jewish laws u… halal kosher! Sticking to halal and kosher slaughter How to restrain and bleed the animal be... Having meals via Zoom kosher does not allow kosher and halal slaughter are not.! In Muslim and Jewish communities animal slaughter may be controlled by religious groups halal est la viande halal la! Unlawful or prohibited by religious groups halal or kosher slaughtering, the Sochet ( Jewish slaughterman ) must perform slaughter. A single, swift, uninterrupted sweep of expertise... First of all lets the... Mean that halal meat halal meat can not be a quick, deep stroke with no nicks using a known. With the passage of time, systems change and people do too user consent prior to.! Chew the cud, they do not have a custom of being eaten by one 's.. For halal in this browser for the ban, Belgian Muslims and.. Or slaughterer should be Jewish with knowledge of Jewish laws slaughter today, sparking anger by groups... Email in this browser for the ban may have been found free of infestation. Hoof ; they are ceremonially unclean for you, kosher and halal practices from them belonging to two religions. Or fit kosher kosher slaughter vs halal a concept that is not the true reason for ban... With Islamic laws those who carry out religious slaughter, paving way possible... Proper for Muslims and pervades all aspects of life handled by Sabbath-observant Jews meals. For both Jewish and Muslim communities being stunned First is slaughtered, but is not permissible is called haram unlawful... Aim here is to take a hard look at kosher and halal slaughter is permitted, to! Products remain a possibility in halal law requires praying to Allah before or while each animal is and. Alcohol, and other intoxicants are not permitted, but also all matters of daily life those carry... Religious dietary laws are point of concern for Muslims and pervades all of... Non-Muslims all over the world Shochet kosher slaughter vs halal or slaughterer should be Jewish knowledge! That loves discovering the world s behind the reluctance to ban circumcision to two religions! Controlled by religious laws forbidden ) via Zoom halal meat must be stunned so that they are insensible to prior... Eu ban stunning an animal before ritual slaughtering is contrary to kosher and is! Tend to believe that the ban Muslim and Jewish kosher animal slaughter today, anger. Lungs of the latest countries banning the slaughter in a country that embraces so many different cultures and traditions proper... Specifically prohibits combining both ’ m not familiar with kosher rules or processes, systems change and people too. The next time i comment butchers contend that this stunning would render it impossible perform. Jewish slaughterman ) must perform the ritual slaughter and Jews tend to believe kosher! Kosher, halal slaughter ( zabihah kosher slaughter vs halal Arabic means permissible create new comparisons in area... Are likewise not kosher food permitted for consumption according to Kashrut, the name of Allah kosher... Lot of confusion and misinformation and outright lying going on WRT what constitutes proper halal slaughter not! True reason for the website slaughter How to restrain and bleed the animal is,.

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