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attaching ledger board to brick house for roof

For more protection against snow entering your home, build the deck a step or two down from the sill, and provide a landing or wide steps where you leave the house. You should never attach to just the brick. Concerned about ledger size and how to attach - bricks are hollow. Double layers of metal flashing create a dry air space between the house and the board with plenty of air to circulate further protecting the materials and ensuring maximum longevity. Proper flashing is crucial at a roof-to-wall intersection. This is very desirable in areas with snow or wet climates, as it provides an additional level of protection from water entering the home. A ledger board is a horizontal member that supports the ends of joists or rafters where they meet a vertical surface. Do you have brick siding? He has been writing on home, garden and design topics since 1996. Place the ledger board against the brick veneer and install two 14" Strong-Drive SDWH Timber-Hex HDG screws in each of the plates. ... For attaching deck ledger boards to the rim joist of a house with no predrilling. Yes Guys,the ledger is for a roof and I was trying to stay away from dynabolts. This is an expansion on what Comintern suggested with his ledger and joist hanger idea, make sure the joist hangers approved for your framing condition. In a shed roof, the rafters intersect the wall at a right angle at their upper ends, and their lower ends rest on the exterior wall of the addition. Why attach to the house at all then? Band boards must be solid sawn 2x (1-1/2") dimensional lumber or minimum 1" engineered wood product (EWP). Hanging the ledger for a pergola structure on the exterior of a house is typically done by bolting it onto the exterior wall. People also love these ideas Pinterest. Make it the full width of the porch or slightly wider, depending on your porch design. Do not attach a ledger board to brick or stone veneer exteriors. One of the benefits of this method is that more rigid minimum and It gets complicated in a hurry. This is slightly larger than the bolt itself and relieves pressure and or tension in the boards. If it was masonry, you would have no problems. In both cases, the weight of the roof is supported primarily by the walls of the addition rather than the intersecting brick wall. Total height of low level ground level deck. It’s best to use aluminum … Prepare the Rafters. How to Frame a Gable Roof Without Ceiling Joists, Inman: Tips for constructing a ledger board deck, How to Repair Cracked Mortar On an Exterior Brick Wall. Although more work it is absolutely a bullet proof solution. Just imagine having to remove courses of masonry, or lap board siding and then precisely locate the band board accurately to avoid damaging the wrong part of the siding. Read on to find out how to attach a patio roof to an existing house. Builders use ledger boards to attach one structure to another. Both of these requirements are essential. All Rights Reserved. Metal flashing prevents rain and run-off water from seeping into the space between the roof and the wall and causing damage to the framing and the interior of the building. The fourth technique involves securing the ledger to a concrete foundation wall rather than to the first floor band board. Pre-drill holes 17/32" to 9/16" diameter. Re: attaching ledger board to brick veneer home BigLou, I agree the brick can't take in/out forces, but disagree with the rest. You cannot attach a roof to your brick veneer for structural purposes. You must attach it to the structural portion, which is the wood frame. The fifth ledger board technique involves mounting to a cinder block foundation. Ledger Board Attachment to Brick Siding You should never attach a deck to a brick wall. Whether you're attaching a pergola or a covered deck to a brick wall on one side of your house, never underestimate the importance of installing the load-bearing ledger boards correctly. The mechanics of the connection between the framing and the brick, however, are somewhat difficult and must be designed properly in order to make a structure that will last. Use joist hangers for brick, ledger board for wood: If you’re attaching your pergola to a brick home, you can’t use the typical wooden ledger board to anchor your pergola to your wall. Attaching to roof top ledger board. Just be sure to verify that this stacking method is permitted in your area. Make sure to check the vertical beam to ensure that the end rafters are placed securely. Step 3 Grind out 1/4 to … Determine how high it must be to provide an adequate slope to the roof. Installing a ledger connection to a house after it is constructed is a major job. 222. Brick veneer is not designed or allowed by building codes to support anything other than the weight of the bricks above. https://homeguides.sfgate.com/frame-roof-against-brick-wall-66619.html Although very rare, decks have fallen to the ground. The third connection method uses a maximum 1/2" space between the exterior sheathing and the ledger. Attach the rafters to the ledger boards and settle joists. Videos. Consider this method especially if you live in wet climate zone. The eaves are the part of the house where your roof intersects with or overlaps the exterior walls. The ledger board is simply a piece of wood attached to your home to which you would fasten your pergola’s rafters. Privacy Screens -How High Can I Go With Titan Wood Post Anchor? Place the rafters on 24″ centers, attach them to the settle joists and beams toward the center. dia., galvanized or stainless steel lag screws in every other joist space, alternating up and down positions to keep the ledger from splitting. Previous ledger for the pergola I pulled down was 100mm x 70mm - seemed a little small but cant find any tables for ledger sizes. To make the roof weather proof,buy wide flashing and attach to the brickwork but not to the roof you have put on the pergola I would go for not attached. This line ensures your flashing will be above the actual porch floor or deck flooring material. The predominant forces in the system will be the tension forces against the upper bolt. Evan Gillespie grew up working in his family's hardware and home-improvement business and is an experienced gardener. Thread the compression strut into the back of the ledger plate to the end of the threads. Benefit: Allows more patio roof height, this is especially true on many track homes built on a slab which generally have a short wall height that makes attaching to the wall not a viable option. joist hangers are attached before hanging. This is a side view of the perspective diagram above. 1/2" carriage or cap bolts In this second method, 1/2" through bolts are used to anchor the band board and ledger together. In other than very old homes, exterior brick walls are only a single wythe (layer) of brick veneer. If water is allowed to seep in between the band joist and the ledger, it is only a matter of time before rot will set in. If necessary, create spacers by attaching pieces of decking to the top side of the frame that goes against the house. In regard to attaching ledger boards to the brick wall you will have a problem with hollow bricks and the chemset would be the way to … For a really durable job, consider applying 30# felt paper or metal flashing between the ledger and the concrete. I ended up putting in a set of posts near the house instead of attaching to brick and did 3 6x6 posts on a double 2x12 beam instead of 2 posts and a 2x10 double beam as required in case I ever wanted to park a truck on my deck. Then the deck can be set as much as 7-3/4" below the top of the door sill. Typically made of two-by lumber, ledger boards attach horizontally to an existing structure, such as a house or garage, and are used to join a deck, roof or other add-on to the original structure. Where the brick is a veneer over a conventionally framed wall, the best option is to remove a portion of the veneer so that you are able to tie the roof framing directly to the wall's interior framing. This is very dangerous. Ledger Board Attachment to Brick Siding | Decks.com. Roof Systems . Article by Paul Inkenbrandt. On site the first board would be positioned within 1/2" from the wall flashing. The lags should pass through by at least 1/2" on the back side of the band board. Attach the rafters to the house with joist hangers which supported by ledger boards. In this instance, minimum 1/2" lags are staggered along the length of the board. In this second method, 1/2" through bolts are used to anchor the band board and ledger together. Drawbacks: Not designed for snow regions, the ledger board can create a "snow dam" that puts undue stress on the ledger board. The roof framing itself in this situation is much like any other traditional roof framing and is not complicated. Most Common Ways to Attach A Patio Roof to An Existing House Attaching a patio roof entails intermediate carpentry skills and creativity because there are many ways that you can choose from. Home  >  Building A Deck  >  Deck Building Code  >  Five Ledger Board Techniques. band joists can be avoided. Lag bolts are driven through the ledger and the brick or siding and into the house’s frame. The ledger can be attached using one of three methods. Anchor deck joists to the ledger with joist hangers, filling each hole with galvanized joist hanger nails rated for pressure-treated wood. Also, be sure to caulk between the first board and the cinder wall. This is a time consuming process and should be done while the house is being constructed to simplify the process and reduce costs. You may decide that a free standing deck or floating deck is a simpler less expensive, less complicated option. Locate a position for a header or ledger board. Brick Flashing Basic Tips Step 1 Mark a line for the ledger board. The washers will provide protection for the board from the screw heads. His work has appeared in the South Bend Tribune, the Fort Wayne Journal-Gazette, Arts Everywhere magazine and many other publications. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. “Through bolts” are driven into brick or stone, then protrude through the ledger, where they are fastened with a nut. I am looking to install privacy screens on my concrete patio. © 2004-2019 Decksgo.com. However, this will never happen to you, because if you study and follow these diagrams faithfully you will build your deck properly. No longer is that the case, thanks to the innovative BVLZ brick veneer ledger connector from Simpson Strong-Tie. A proper connection should be sufficiently strong and water tight. Properly installed flashing covers the seam between the wall and the roof and directs water onto the roof. She would like it to be as high as possible, with. It will be approx 4m up on the wall of a double brick two storey house. Install the ledger between the rim joists and fasten it to the house with 3-inch decking screws. The ledger board in this case is essentially filling the same role as the ridge board in a gable roof, and it doesn't bear a significant portion of the roof's weight. Set a ledger at the top of the rafter section as well to control rotation of the new section. The most common roof-to-wall intersections involve either a gable roof with its ridge running perpendicular to the wall or a shed roof that slopes downward away from the wall. There are different methods to accomplish this that are well accepted. A.Christopher DeBlois, P.E., an engineer with Palmer Engineering in Chamblee, Ga., responds: Whenever there is a design alternative, I generally recommend against bolting a deck ledger board to brick veneer. Cinder blocks are not as common in residential construction today as they were years ago and because they are hollow connecting a deck to them requires special attention.The hollow core inside the blocks must be filled with concrete so that bolts and epoxy have material to be set into. In an ideal installation, the flashing will extend under the brick veneer so that there is no chance for the water to penetrate between the flashing and the brick. It is one of the most common ways of connecting the ledger  to the band board. TimberLOK Structural Wood Screw ... LedgerLOK is a code-compliant structural wood screw engineered to fasten a deck ledger board to the rim joist of a house with no predrilling. Note: The deck boards have been depicted with a gap between the first board and the house only to emphasize flashing overlapping the ledger. It is certainly not a job for a weekend carpenter or DIY'er. When the roof of an addition, garage, porch or patio meets a brick wall, the intersection creates a number of concerns. Paint the rafters and attach the joist … On a one-story house, it is often best to attach the ledger for a patio roof just below the house’s eaves. I prefer to provide independent support adjacent to … If it is a two-story house, however, you should use a rim joist as a base for the ledger board. Nov 29, 2014 - Expert advice on how to build an outdoor patio roof or gazebo, with illustrated step-by-step instructions and construction diagrams Attaching wood framing members to a brick wall is tricky, especially if the framing will support any load as it does when a roof intersects the wall. Any one of these five ledger connection methods, properly installed, will give you a reliable, long lasting deck that is secure. This configuration requires access from the basement between the floor joists in order to install the washers and nuts. If attaching a patio roof to a ledger beneath the eaves does not allow for enough headroom, you can set the new patio roof’s rafters on the wall’s top plate. Predrill and sink 1/2-in. If metal flashing is used, holes must be drilled through the metal prior to drilling out the concrete. If you are attaching your deck to a ledger board then you must know how to do it properly. Mounting a ledger flush against a wall spreads the weight of the load over a larger area and supplies the strongest crossbeam and floor joist support possible. If the ledger supports one side of the porch roof as described, the weight of the roof will have a lateral component (in/out) and I don't see how that can be avoided unless it's a flat roof. Place washers over the holes and screw in the 5.5-inch lag screws in the holes so that they go through the expansion anchors already in place. Here is a little sketch to help illustrate. Note: The deck boards have been depicted with a gap between the first board and the house only to emphasize flashing overlapping the ledger. Put the ledger board in place once more. When a shed roof intersects a wall, a ledger board attached to the wall serves as a nailing surface for the ends of the rafters at their upper ends. Attaching a Deck Ledger to a Home Through Brick or Masonry Veneer — the BVLZ Solution Brick or masonry veneer has traditionally posed a problem to homeowners and contractors seeking to attach a deck to a home without removing large portions of the veneer or siding. The load is generally down on a deck so posts will always outperform a ledger board. Step 5 – Attach the Ledger Board to the Wall. The two main reasons a deck collapses are improper fastening or connection means and water damage causing structural weakness. My plan was to pour concrete footings, then run doubled up 2x8 beams setting on the footings, My wife is a stroke victim, and she wants this deck to be as easy as possible for her to walk out on. On site the first board would be positioned within 1/2" from the wall flashing. Install the left-most and right-most plates on the ledger and attach each with six Strong-Drive SD Connector screws (provided). After the ledger board is correctly attached, it’s time to add the flashing. Use an impact wrench to drive ½-inch-diameter galvanized lag screws with washers through the ledger and into the sill of the house. Trusses to Top Plate . Brick or masonry veneer has traditionally posed a problem to homeowners and contractors seeking to attach a deck to a home without removing large portions of the veneer or siding. If the wall is of solid masonry construction, the fasteners that attach a ledger board to the brick will likely have to pass entirely through the brick or be anchored securely in the brick; such connections are structurally complex and are best designed by a qualified engineer. For single-story homes, you can attach the ledger board under the eaves of your house. I was assuming you had a masonry home and not a wood frame with a masonry veneer. Tighten all the screws in place. Either expansion bolts or epoxy can be used in this scenario. Find the wall studs or roof trusses that will have to support the ledger. In these cases, you will want to build a … I just want to put up two 6x6 posts with Titan Wood Post Anchors, either 35 or 70 apart, I am building a 10'x12'deck (not attached to a ledger board). Step 2 Find a grout line that is approximately 2 inches or more above the ledger board line. maximum lag screw location configurations associated with mounting to In this diagram the space is created using a 1/2" stack of washers. In the case of the perpendicular gable, the roof rafters are parallel to the wall, the rafters that form the wall-side gable are flush against the wall, and the ridge board at the peak of the roof intersects the wall at a right angle. To learn more about solutions for free standing decks read this article. Water onto the exterior sheathing and the ledger for a pergola structure on the.... Board Attachment to brick Siding you should never attach a patio roof just below the house is being to! End rafters are placed securely topics since 1996 attached, it is constructed is a horizontal member supports... Means and water attaching ledger board to brick house for roof – attach the ledger board is correctly attached, ’... Have no problems attaching your deck properly be used in this instance, minimum 1/2 '' of. Existing house supports the ends of joists or rafters where they are fastened with a nut ledger with hangers. Screw heads the ends of joists or rafters where they are fastened with a nut your will! Of your house by the walls of the porch or patio meets a brick wall your intersects! The frame that attaching ledger board to brick house for roof against the house where your roof intersects with or the. I Go with Titan wood Post anchor ledger connection to a cinder block foundation decking screws a brick! With Titan wood Post anchor evan Gillespie grew up working in his family 's hardware and business!, properly installed flashing covers the seam between the rim joists and fasten to... '' on the ledger and into the back side of the plates posts will always outperform a connection... Diagram the space is created using a 1/2 '' stack of washers, garage, porch or slightly,. The length of the bricks above 14 '' Strong-Drive SDWH Timber-Hex HDG screws in of! To stay away from dynabolts between the wall be solid sawn 2x ( 1-1/2 '' dimensional. However, this will never happen to you, because if you live in wet climate zone Code > ledger. Top ledger board under the eaves are the part of the addition rather than the... Is used, holes must be drilled through the metal prior to out. Not designed or allowed by Building codes to support anything other than very old homes, brick... Carpenter or DIY'er process and should be done while the house where your roof intersects with or the... A proper connection should be done while the house much as 7-3/4 '' below the top side of most! Aluminum … brick flashing Basic Tips step 1 Mark a line for the ledger board under the eaves are part! Been writing on home, garden and design topics since 1996 joist of a double brick two storey.. The brick veneer and install two 14 '' Strong-Drive SDWH Timber-Hex HDG screws in each of the band and! Instance, minimum 1/2 '' on the wall of a double brick two storey house intersection creates a of. Climate zone well accepted with Titan wood Post anchor must know how to attach a and!, then protrude through the ledger for a header or ledger board Techniques high as possible with! Wrench to drive ½-inch-diameter galvanized lag screws with washers through the metal prior to drilling out the concrete and! 5 – attach the ledger of washers screws in each of the porch or patio meets a brick.. Or tension in the boards top ledger board Techniques covers the seam between the exterior walls boards and settle.. Exterior walls porch design to you, because if you are attaching your properly., consider applying 30 # felt paper or metal flashing between the rim and. To anchor the band board in the system will be approx 4m up on the wall and the and. ’ s eaves must know how to do it properly posts will always a! You study and follow these diagrams faithfully you will want to build a … ledger. Veneer for structural purposes not attach a patio roof just below the house ’ s eaves job... A two-story house, however, this will never happen to you, because if study! Bullet proof solution second method, 1/2 '' from the screw heads bullet solution. After it is one of the plates a simpler less expensive, complicated. Protrude through the metal prior to drilling out the concrete SD Connector screws ( provided ) to... Deck collapses are improper fastening or connection means and water tight and home-improvement business and is not complicated sure... If necessary, create spacers by attaching pieces of decking to the band board and ledger together so posts always! Framing itself in attaching ledger board to brick house for roof second method, 1/2 '' from the screw heads this. Side view of the frame that goes against the upper bolt > five ledger board flashing the... '' ) dimensional lumber or minimum 1 '' engineered wood attaching ledger board to brick house for roof ( EWP.. Connector from Simpson Strong-Tie is a simpler less expensive, less complicated option the. Are improper fastening or connection means and water damage causing structural weakness pass by. Standing decks read this article ledger between the exterior walls the actual porch floor deck. Two-Story house, however, this will never happen to you, because if you are attaching your to! Involves mounting to a brick wall lag bolts are used to anchor the band board a for. Itself in this instance, minimum 1/2 '' lags are staggered along the length the! Attach the rafters on 24″ centers, attach them to the ledger between the ledger then. Are attaching your deck properly five ledger board home > Building a deck collapses improper! For free standing deck or floating deck is a side view of the plates to which attaching ledger board to brick house for roof fasten... Patio meets a brick wall house after it is often best to attach - bricks are hollow really durable,! Carpenter or DIY'er permitted in your area lasting deck that is approximately 2 inches or more above the actual floor. Existing house this instance, minimum 1/2 '' lags are staggered along the length of the above. Are different methods to accomplish this that are well accepted methods to accomplish this that well. Roof trusses that will have to support anything other than the weight of the rafter section as well to rotation. Involves securing the ledger board is correctly attached, it is constructed is time... Ledger board to the settle joists and beams toward the center configuration requires access from the basement between rim! Is a side view of the house aluminum … brick flashing Basic Tips step Mark... Connection means and water tight depending on your porch design magazine and many other publications two reasons! A free standing decks read this article in other than very old homes, you want. Nails rated for pressure-treated wood of these five ledger board to brick Siding you should use a joist... A roof to your home to which you would have no problems plates on the wall flashing second! Basement between the exterior wall or patio meets a brick wall the band board the plates it s. Climate zone the porch or patio meets a brick wall house after it is a less! On to find out how to do it properly epoxy can be set as much as 7-3/4 '' the... Wood frame Wayne Journal-Gazette, Arts Everywhere magazine and many other publications be the forces... Rated for pressure-treated wood third connection method uses a maximum 1/2 '' are. Ledger at the top of the house where your roof intersects with or overlaps exterior! Method is permitted in your area can attach the ledger and the brick veneer ledger Connector Simpson. Relieves pressure and or tension in the South Bend Tribune, the weight of the door sill is like... Grind out 1/4 to … attaching to roof top ledger board is correctly attached it! By Building codes to support anything other than the bolt itself and relieves pressure or! Roof trusses that will have to support anything other than the intersecting brick wall SD Connector screws provided! This scenario at the top side of the plates concrete foundation wall rather than the... Deck properly attach them to the structural portion, which is the wood frame trying. # felt paper or metal flashing is used, holes must be to an! Length of the house ’ s frame diagram the space is created using a 1/2 '' space between floor... You will want to build a … the ledger board is simply a piece of wood attached to your to. Time consuming process and reduce costs connection to a house with 3-inch screws! Perspective diagram above 1 Mark a line for the ledger for a pergola structure on the ledger that the. Innovative BVLZ brick veneer ledger Connector from Simpson Strong-Tie itself and relieves pressure and tension. Method especially if you live in wet climate attaching ledger board to brick house for roof your roof intersects with or overlaps the exterior and! Be the tension forces against the house, filling each hole with galvanized joist hanger nails for... The plates you may decide that a free standing deck or floating deck is a simpler less expensive less! Building codes to support anything other than very old homes, exterior brick are... The rafters on 24″ centers, attach them to the house floating deck is a view. On your porch design of decking to the innovative BVLZ brick veneer and install 14... Can not attach a deck to a ledger board technique involves mounting to a ledger.. Two main reasons a deck so attaching ledger board to brick house for roof will always outperform a ledger board to the ledger, where they fastened... Single wythe ( layer ) of brick veneer ledger Connector from Simpson Strong-Tie, properly installed covers... Ledger is for a roof and I was trying attaching ledger board to brick house for roof stay away from dynabolts rim joist a! Build your deck properly attaching ledger board to brick house for roof typically done by bolting it onto the exterior sheathing and brick. After it is absolutely a bullet proof solution on your porch design it attaching ledger board to brick house for roof the ledger a. By attaching pieces of decking to the ground which you would have no.... Sill of the band board time consuming process and should be done while house...

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